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Erstellt / Aktualisiert 18.05.2019 / 24.05.2020
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0 Exakte Antworten 9 Text Antworten 0 Multiple Choice Antworten
Fenster schliessen

On what does the shape of an asteroid depend on?

Strength of its gravity

Fenster schliessen

On what does the brightness of an asteroid depend on?

  • Size
  • Distance
  • Reflectivity (i.e. Albedo)
Fenster schliessen

What is an asteroid?

"rubble piles"  made out of metal and rock

Fenster schliessen

Why is there no Planet between Mars and Jupiter, where the asteroid belt is?

Because of Jupiter's gravitational petrurbations, which prevented coalescence of material into a planet.

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What is an orbital resonance?

Occurs when two orbiting bodies exert a regular, periodic graviational influence on each other (usually because their orbital periods ae related by a ratio of two small integers.)

Fenster schliessen

What are Comets?

= small, primitive objects that contain a substantial quantity of water ice and other frozen volatiles.

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Why do Comets have clouds of gas and dust, visible as long tails?

Because of the vaporiation of ice by increasing solar radiation.

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What are the features of a comet?

  1. Nucleus = small body at center from which the atmosphere is released.
  2. Coma = atmosphere surrounding hte nucleus.
    1. Inner Coma is brightest part of a comet and made of gas and dust ejected from nucleus.
  3. Tail = Long stream of gas and dust; can be p to 100 million km long.
    1. Plasma Tail = Composed of ionized gas.
    2. Dust Tail = composed of dust particles escaping from coma.