Lernkarten

Karten 125 Karten
Lernende 2 Lernende
Sprache English
Stufe Universität
Erstellt / Aktualisiert 13.10.2021 / 22.10.2021
Lizenzierung Keine Angabe
Weblink
Einbinden
0 Exakte Antworten 125 Text Antworten 0 Multiple Choice Antworten
Fenster schliessen

history of legal psychology

  • turn of the 20th century
  • Hans Gross: > 45.000 pre-trial examinations of witnesses 
    • witness accuracy
    • first text book of legal psychology
  • Alfred Binet: suggestibility and conformity effects in children
  • Hugo Münsterberg: on the Witness stand
  • Elisabeth Loftus: Eyewitness Testimony (1979)
Fenster schliessen

Where does psychological knowledge play a role?

  • crime
  • investigation
  • trial
  • punishment
Fenster schliessen

in which two parts can forensic psychology be devided?

  • criminological psychology: focusing on the criminal (e.g., therapy, personality traits)
  • legal psychology: focusing on the witnesses, interview techniques, ...
Fenster schliessen

give an example for the importance of psychology in the crime

  • Meta-Analysis on the characteristics of persistent sexual offenders
  • identification of deviant sexual preferences and antisocial orientation as the major predictors of violing recidivism
Fenster schliessen

give an example for the importance of psychology during the investigation

  • e.g., study about whether one can tell from the person's eyes if they are lying or not (one cannot)
  • review of literature about investigative interviewing
Fenster schliessen

give an example for the importance of psychology during the trial

  • rising awareness of biases (e.g., sex: violence committed by men is perceived as more evere and judged more harshly than violence commited by women)
Fenster schliessen

give an example for the importance of psychological knowledge at the punishment

  • e.g., questionable if harsher prison conditions reduce recidivism
Fenster schliessen

what are forensic topics?

  • eyewitness identifications
  • deception detection
  • offender profiling
  • interrogation techniques
  • risk assessments
  • interviewing witnesses
  • ...