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Stufe Universität
Erstellt / Aktualisiert 08.02.2021 / 12.02.2021
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3 Grundfragen der Navigation

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Unterschied Ortung und Navigation



state of motion

properties of the measured or perceived information (z.B. qualität der information)



driving a vehicle from a point of departure A to a destination Z


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Air navigation categories

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Was ist cooperative navigation + examples

radio navigation systems are based on the interaction of the radio equipment on the aircraft and that in ground stations or satellites

VHF omnidirectional radio range (VOR)

Non-directional beacons (NDB)

Distance Measuring System (DME)

Global Navigation Satellite Systems GNSS (GPS, GLONASS, GALILEO)

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Autonomous navigation systems + examples

Autonomousnavigation systems are characterized by the fact that the location or position is determined only by on board or ground based devices, independent of a remote station.

primary radar (dopplerradar)

direction finder systems

radio altimeter

Inertial navigation systems (INS/IRS)

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was ist ein kurs

is an angle measured in the horizontal plane.

counting clockwise from a reference direction to be specified from 000°to 360°.

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was ist der True North (TN) / rechtweisend Nord (rwN) - wichtig

Guidance to the geographic north pole

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was ist der MagneticNorth (MN) / missweisendNord (mwN) - wichtig

Guidance to the magnetic north pole delta between TN –MN: magnetic declination or magnetic variation (VAR)

reasons for the variation: secular variation of the magnetic north pole

disturbance of the magnetic lines of forces caused by local magnetic field anomalies