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Fenster schliessen

Strength Training/ Weight Training/ Resistance Training

type of exercise that requires the bodys musculature to move (or attempt to move) against an oppoing force, usually equipment

Fenster schliessen

Concentric Muscle Action

When weight is being lifted, major muscles involved are shortening 

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Eccentric Muscle Action

When weight is being lowered in controlled manner, major muscles involved are developing force and lengthening 

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Isometric Muscle Action

When muscle is activated and develops force but no visible movement at the joint occurs.

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Repetition

One complete motion of an exercise.

Consists of two phases:

Concentric muscle action- lifting

Eccentric muscle action- lowering of resistance

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Set

Group of repetitions performed  continuously without stopping or resting

Typically range from 1-15

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Repetition Maximum

Maximal number of repetitions per set that can be performed in succession with proper lifting technique using a given resistance

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1RM

Heaviest resistance that can be used for one complete repetition of an exercise 

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Maximal Strength

Maximal amount of force a muscle or muscle group can generate in a specified movement pattern at a specified velocity

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Work

Force multiplied by the distance a weight or resistance is moved.

Can be increased by increasing the distance a weight is moved or increasing the weight or resistance being moved

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Power

Is the rate of doing work (work/time)

Can be increased by increasing the distance a weight is moved or increasing the weight or resistance being moved or by decreasing the time in which a certain amount of work is performed

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Training Volume

Is a measure of the total amount of work (in joules) performed in a training session, a week of training, a month of training, or some other period of time. 

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Rest period

between sets of an exercise, between exercises, and between training sesssions allow recovery and are important for success of any program

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Velocity Specificity

Concept that resistance training produces its greatest strength and power gains at velocity at which training is performed