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Strength Training/ Weight Training/ Resistance Training

type of exercise that requires the bodys musculature to move (or attempt to move) against an oppoing force, usually equipment

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Concentric Muscle Action

When weight is being lifted, major muscles involved are shortening 

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Eccentric Muscle Action

When weight is being lowered in controlled manner, major muscles involved are developing force and lengthening 

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Isometric Muscle Action

When muscle is activated and develops force but no visible movement at the joint occurs.

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Repetition

One complete motion of an exercise.

Consists of two phases:

Concentric muscle action- lifting

Eccentric muscle action- lowering of resistance

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Set

Group of repetitions performed  continuously without stopping or resting

Typically range from 1-15

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Repetition Maximum

Maximal number of repetitions per set that can be performed in succession with proper lifting technique using a given resistance

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1RM

Heaviest resistance that can be used for one complete repetition of an exercise