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Neuron Anatomy

Dendrites

Cell Body

Axons

Myelin

Synapse

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Steps of Action Potential

Charge gathers in dendrites

travels down cell body

travels down the axon

causes release of neurotransmitters in to the synapse

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neurotransmitters

serotonin

dopamine

glutamate

GABA

acetylcholine

norepinephrine

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3 parts of the central nervous system

Hindbrain

Limbic System

Cerebral Cortex

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Hindbrain is composed of

brainstem

cerebellum

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brainstem composed of

medulla

pons

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limbic system composed of

amygdala

hippocampus

hyptothalamus

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cerebral cortex is composed of

four lobes

motor, sensory, visual, and auditory cortices