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0 Exakte Antworten 0 Text Antworten 20 Multiple Choice Antworten

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Fenster schliessen

vitamins are classified as

organic and inorganic

fat-soluble and water-soluble

essential and non-essential

elements and compounds

Fenster schliessen

vitamin D is called the sunshine vtamin because

it is available in orange juice

exposure to sunlight converts a a precursor to vitamin D

it can be destroyed by exposure to sunlight

all of the above

Fenster schliessen

vitamin E functions as

a coenzyme

an antioxidant

a hormone

a peroxide

Fenster schliessen

a deficiency of vitamin A can lead to the disease called

xerophthalmia

osteomalacia

scurvy

pellagra

Fenster schliessen

a high intake of vitamin E can

inhibit vitamin K metabolism

lead to lead poisoning

inhibit copper absorption

cause baldness

Fenster schliessen

a vitamin synthesised by bacteria in the intestine is

vitamin A

vitamin D

vitamin E

vitamin K

Fenster schliessen

Bowed legs, an enlarged and mishapen head and enarged knee joints in children are all symptoms of

rickets

xerophthalmia

osteoporosis

vitamin D toxicity

Fenster schliessen

Thiamin, riboflavin and niacin are calle the "energy" vitamins because they

can be broken down to provide energy

are coenzmyes needed for release of energy from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins

are ingredients in energy drinks such as Powerade

are needed in large amounts by competitive athletes

Fenster schliessen

A defient intake of _________ has been shown to increase the ris kof having a baby with a neural tube defect suc has spina bifida

vitamin A

vitamin C

vitamin E

folic acid

Fenster schliessen

Vitamin C is necessary for the production of

stomach acid

collagen

hormones

clotting factors

Fenster schliessen

Dietary ham iron is derived from

elemental iron in food

animal flesh

breakfast cereals

vegetables

Fenster schliessen

Chloride is

a component of hydrochloric acid

an intracellular fluid iron

a positively charged ion

converted to chlorine in the intestinal tract

Fenster schliessen

Minerlas involved in fluid balance are

calcium and magesium

copper and iron

calcium and phosphorus

sodium and potassium

Fenster schliessen

In a situation where there is an insufficient intake of dietary iodine, the thyroid-stimulation hormone promotes the enlargemnet of the thyroid gland. This condition is called

graves disease

a goitre

hyperparathyroidism

congenital hypothyriodism (cretinism)

Fenster schliessen

99% of the calcium in the body is found in

intracellular fluid

bones and teeth

nerve cells

the liver

Fenster schliessen

At the end of long bones, inside the spinal vertebrae and inside flat bones of the pelvis, is a spongy type of bone known as _____ bone.

osteoclastic

osteoblastic

trabecular

compact

Fenster schliessen

Which compartement contains the greatest amount of body fluid?

intracellular

extracellular

they contain the same amount

Fenster schliessen

The primary function of sodium is to maintain

bone mineral content

haemoglobin concentration

immune function

fluid distribution

Fenster schliessen

Hypertension is defined as a blood pressure greater than

110/60

120/65

140/90

190/80

Fenster schliessen

Which of the following individuals are most likely to develop osteoporosis?

premenopausal women athlets

women taking oestrogen replacemnet therapy

slender, inactive women who smoke

women who eat a lot of high-fat dairy products