Premium Partner

Introduction to English Linguistics

Universität Paderborn

Universität Paderborn

Kartei Details

Karten 19
Sprache English
Kategorie Englisch
Stufe Universität
Erstellt / Aktualisiert 21.01.2015 / 16.01.2017
Lizenzierung Keine Angabe
<iframe src="" width="780" height="150" scrolling="no" frameborder="0"></iframe>

Lingua Franca

a language that is used for communication by people who do not share a common native language

Minimal Pairs

words that differ in just one sound in the same position

e.g. hit, fit


semantic transparency, meaning of the whole word can be deduced from the meaning of its parts

e.g. teapot


opposite of transparent

e.g. breakfast <to break the fast>

Blocked/Unique Morphemes

Certain morhpemes are used in one word-formation only {Mon-] in Monday {cran-] in cranberry

Portmanteau morpheme

Whenevery an element of language contains the meaning of more that one morpheme but cannot be divided into different morphemes on a formal level, it's called portmanteau morpheme.

e.g. took combines {take} and {-D} but cannot be divided into two morphemes on a formal level


productive morphemes:

{-er} for agentive nouns --> singer, dancer, teacher


unproductive/nonproductive morphemes:

{-the} for derivation Adj --> noun     length, width

Perspectives within phonetics

1. articulatory phonetics: production of sounds, what to do in our mouth

2. acoustic phonetics: transmission of sounds, physica qualities e.g. volume, duration, frequency

3. auditory phonetics: perception of sounds, intake through the ear, processing in the brain