- Study: Ostracism (being excluded) by Williams (2000)
Independent Variable: Ostracism vs. Inclusion
Dependent Variable: Belongingness vs. Self-Esteem
1st Picture: Each square represents a person. They pass a ball to eachother. Inclusion: the ball is passed to everyone. Ostracism: not passed to the bottom person.
- 2nd Picture: Is there any evidence that school shooters were bullied?
1st circle: Were they a loner? (not really the case). Ex: Eric & Dylan felt like loners even though they had eachother.
2nd circle: Were they bullied? (most showed signs of being bullied).
Interview with Marilyn Manson
- About the Columbine Shooters
- Society was blaming Marilyn Manson
- There was evidence that Eric Harris was the leader, more nacissistic.
Terror Management Theory and Fame
- Greenberg (2010)
- Symbolic Immortality: will leave a mark on society after death
- Independent Variable: Mortality Salience (thinking about death) vs. Control Condition (not thinking about death)
- Dependent Variable: "How much would you like to become a famous person?"
- Fame is indeed a motive for a number of the shooters.
Eric & Dylan: "Directors will be fighting over this story". They thought they were going to leave a mark in society.
Seung-Hui Cho (Virginia Tech Shooter-most deadliest: 32 people killed): Mailed "multimedia manifesto" to NBC News. "Thanks to you, I die like Jesus Christ, to inspire generations of the weak and defenseless people."
Alex Teves & Conclusion
- Was a friend of Professor Weise
- Was killed by James Holmes in a Colorado movie theatre shooting. 12 people killed.
- His parents said to not show the shooter's name or pictures in the media.
- Conclusion: It takes a lot of things to make school shooters. Shooters are rare.