Keywords of the molecular genetic lectures
Wähle die Ordner aus, zu welchen Du "BIO111 - Molecular genetics - Keywords" hinzufügen oder entfernen möchtest
A nucleotide is a repeating unit in a DNA or RNA chain. It consists of a sugar (ribose RNA, deoxyribose DNA), which has a base attached to its 3' end and a phosphate chain attached to its 5' end.
An organic molecule, consisting of a base (deoxyadenosine, deoxyguanosine, deoxycytidine, deoxythimidine) and a 2' deoxyribose.
If a posphatechain is added, it becomes a deoxynucleotide.
Adenine and Guanine
Cytosine and thymine
Purine, pairs with the base Thymine in DNA and Uracil in RNA
Has the following structure:
Purine, pairs with Cytosine.
Pyrimidine, pairs with Guanine
Has the follwing structure:
Pyrimidine, pairs with Adenine. Exists only in the DNA.
Institut für Banking und Finance