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Erstellt / Aktualisiert 02.02.2022 / 03.02.2022
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0 Exakte Antworten 16 Text Antworten 0 Multiple Choice Antworten
Fenster schliessen

Social Preferences

 - What are "Social Preferences"?

This is in part because people consider the wellbeing of others in their decision making
–> People have social preferences (also called otherregarding preferences)

Fenster schliessen

Social Preferences

 - Altruism: What is "Altruism"?

It is an important element of human behavior in society and economics

-> e.g. Volunteering, charities and donation behavior

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Social Preferences

 - Fairness: What is meant by "Fairness" in this context?

Fairness is a fundamental cornerstone of political und moral attitudes and thinking styles

 

 

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Social Preferences

 - Fairness: What is meant by the "Moral Foundations Theory"?

One important theory in moral and political psychology, which postulates six basic foundations:

  • Care/Harm
  • Fairness/Cheating
  • Loyalty/Betrayal
  • Liberty/Oppression
  • Authority/Subversion
  • Sanctity/Degradation

Understanding them helps in understanding political and moral discussions and arguments

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Social Preferences

 - Why should psychologists concern themselves with altruism, fairness, trust, and reciprocity?

Fairness plays an important role in the workplace; high fairness expectations
-> Lack of fairness leads to negative reactions from employees

Trust and reciprocity
are the basis of the contract between the employee and the organization;
In addition to the work contract there is a psychological contract that includes implicit expectations from both parties; the trust that both parties adhere to this implicit contract
is the basis of work contracts

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Social Preferences

 - Altruism: What can be the benefit of altruism/selflessness?

Altruistic behavior has usually no immediate benefit but may bring a benefit long-term for the person that is bigger than the initial cost

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Social Preferences

 - Altruism: What role can the "Rational model in Economics" plays in altruism?

Altruism from an economics viewpoint: A person may also derive utility from the wellbeing of others; fostering their wellbeing may thus also be rational (rational behavior / utility maximizing)

-> e.g. tax reduction

Fenster schliessen

Social Preferences

 - Altruism: What are reasons for altruism?

  1. Moral/social norms:
    Based on the duties and expectations in a society
     
  2. Rationality:
    Good for the common welfare; secures social peace; resources bring sometimes other people greater benefit than oneself
     
  3. Self-actualization:
    Frequent motivation for voluntary work and donations
     
  4. Sympathy/Affection:
    Altruism with reference to certain purposes / groups of people, i.e. philanthropy

Reason for altruistic behavior is not always clear-cut, i.e. it can be a mix of different reasons