Lernkarten

Karten 39 Karten
Lernende 4 Lernende
Sprache English
Stufe Universität
Erstellt / Aktualisiert 14.05.2021 / 24.05.2022
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0 Exakte Antworten 39 Text Antworten 0 Multiple Choice Antworten
Fenster schliessen

Describe the cultural dimension of indulgence vs. restraint and by whom it was developed

developed by hofstede

Indulgence stands for a society that allows relatively free gratification of basic and natural human drives related to enjoying life and having fun. Restraint stands for a society that suppresses gratification of needs and regulates it by means of strict social norms.

Fenster schliessen

Describe the cultural dimension of neutral vs. emotional and by whom it was developed

developed by trompenaars/H.T. 

Neutral cultures include Germany, Netherlands, and the U.K. In an affective culture, people tend to share their emotions, even in the workplace. In an affective culture, it considered normal that people share their emotions. Examples of affective cultures include Italy, Spain, and Latin America.

Fenster schliessen

Describe the cultural dimension of confrontational vs. confrontation avoidance and by whom it was developed

developed by Meyer

The Disagreeing scale of Meyer’s Culture Map again can be shown on a spectrum from Confrontational to Avoids Confrontation. On the confrontational side of the spectrum it’s encouraged to challenge ideas in a team, disagree with others as it’s perceived more as a way to effectively develop ideas and grow, disagreeing is not inappropriate and will not negatively impact relationship. In cultures which are more likely to avoid confrontation the disagreement is perceived as negative for the team or the company, it is inappropriate and will most likely cause damage to the team harmony and relationships within, will be taken more personally, ie. thinking that it’s the person and not idea that is being confronted.

Fenster schliessen

Describe the cultural dimension of direct vs. indirect feedback and by whom it was developed

developed by meyer

Direct feedback: Negative feedback is provided frankly, bluntly, and honestly without being softened by positive feedback. 
Indirect feedback: Negative feedback is provided softly, subtly, and diplomatically while given within positive feedback.

Fenster schliessen

Describe the cultural dimension of power distance (high vs low) and by whom it was developed

developed by hofstede

Individuals in cultures demonstrating a high power distance are very deferential to figures of authority and generally accept an unequal distribution of power, while individuals in cultures demonstrating a low power distance readily question authority and expect to participate in decisions that affect them

 

typically country for high to low power distance are

  1. russia
  2. china
  3. india
  4. france
  5. japan
  6. italy
  7. us
  8. canada
  9. australia
  10. germany
  11. uk
  12. switzerland
  13. sweden
Fenster schliessen

Describe the cultural dimension of egalitarianism vs. hierarchical and by whom it was developed

developed by meyer

In egalitarian societies, distance is narrow. In hierarchical societies, this large power distance means that the person at the top has much more power over his or her subordinates than a comparable status person in an egalitarian society.

Fenster schliessen

Describe the cultural dimension of consensual vs. top-dow and by whom it was developed

developed by meyer

Consensual: Decisions are made in groups through unanimous agreement. Top-down: Decisions are made by individuals (usually the boss).

Fenster schliessen

Describe the cultural dimension of universalism vs. particularism and by whom it was developed

development trompenaars/H.T. 

Universalism vsParticularism Universalism is the belief that ideas and practices can be applied everywhere without modification, while particularism is the belief that circumstances dictate how ideas and practices should be applied.