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Crée / Actualisé 20.08.2020 / 30.09.2022
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How important is it for a Product Owner to order Product Backlog items by value points?

(choose the best answer)

Using value points is the ultimate way for a Product Owner to predict the value that the product will provide

It is a good practice, keeping in mind that market reception is the best measure of value.

Calculating value points is an upfront approach that conflicts with the empiricism of Scrum, and is therefore not acceptable.

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How can a Product Owner use time-boxed Sprints to obtain feedback from users and the market?

(choose the best answer)

At the end of each Sprint, a detailed report with all test cases and test results is available.

Through the assurance that a Development Team finishes all work on the Sprint Backlog.

By making sure a Sprint does not stop until all testing is done, and the work is verified by the Product Owner.

A business analyst represents the Product Owner to make decisions on his behalf during the Sprint. This way the Product Owner can accept the work at the Sprint Review without further involvement.

Through frequent delivery of Increments of the product into the market.

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What are two typical activities for a Product Owner in a Sprint?

(choose the best two answers)

Collaborate with stakeholders, user communities, and subject matter experts.

Work with the Development Team on Product Backlog refinement.

Attend every Daily Scrum to answer functional questions on the discussed Sprint Backlog items.

Create financial reporting upon the spent hours reported by the Development Team.

Update the work plan for the Development Team on a daily basis.

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What is a Product Backlog?


(choose the best answer)

It is a list of references to Use Case documents that are stored in a central repository. The references should be viewable and clickable by anybody to enhance transparency.

It is a detailed list of functionality from which the Development Team draws items, to be complemented by a separate Technology Backlog managed by the Development Team.

It is a formally approved list of requirements to be implemented over a set period.

It is a living artifact of product requirements that exists and evolves as long as a product exists

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The Product Owner's authority to change and update the Product Backlog is unlimited, except for:

(choose the best answer)

Decisions by the chief program manager.

Technical and architectural work that needs to be done first, as indicated by the chief enterprise architect.

Decisions by the CFO, the CEO or the board of directors.

Nothing. The entire organization must respect a Product Owner's decisions.

High impact changes that have not been approved by the change request board.

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What best describes the relationship of the Product Owner and the stakeholders?

(choose the best answer)

The Product Owner actively asks for stakeholder input and expectations to process into the Product Backlog.

The Product Owner writes the User Stories as provided by the stakeholders.

The Product Owner has the final call over the requirements and should involve the stakeholders as little as possible.

The Product Owner provides the stakeholders with acceptance forms at the Sprint Review to record their formal agreement over the delivered software.

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Learning turns into 'validated learning' when assumptions and goals can be assessed through results. What is a key way for a Product Owner to apply validated learning?

(choose the best answer)


Accept an Increment at the Sprint review to learn about the forecast of functionality that was developed.

Release an Increment to the market to learn about the business assumptions built into the product.

Set the Sprint Goal before selecting Product Backlog items at Sprint Planning to learn about a Development Team's productivity.

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What variables should a Product Owner consider when ordering the Product Backlog?

(choose the best answer)

The availability of resources and skills for implementation

Whatever is most appropriate for the Product Owner to achieve the product's goals and to optimize the value received

Development cohesion as indicated by the Development Team

Lowest development cost in order to maximize ROI

Effort first, then value

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In order to make investment decisions, the Product Owner is likely to look at the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of the product being built.  What costs will a Product Owner take into account?

(choose the best answer)

The money spent on development of the product, often a fixed cost per Sprint multiplied by the Sprints required

All investments required to conceive, develop, operate and maintain the product

The accumulated cost over the earned value of the product

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True or False: A first Sprint can start before the Product Owner has a complete and exhaustive Product Backlog in place.



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How does an organization know that a product built through Scrum is successful?

(choose the best answer)


By measuring that velocity has increased since the last release

By the Product Owner and stakeholders accepting the Increment at the Sprint Review

By releasing often, and updating key performance indicators (KPIs) on value after every release and feeding this information back into work on the Product Backlog

By measuring the actual time spent on development versus the time estimated for development

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What pre-condition must be fullfilled in order to allow the Sprint Planning to begin?

a fully refined Backlog

a formal budget approval

a clear sprint goal

Enough "Ready" Product Backlog to fill the Sprint

There are no such pre-conditions

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What are two typical  activities of a Product Owner in a Sprint ? 

Collaborate with stakeholders, user communities and product manager

Update the workplan for the Development TEam on a daily basis

Create a financial reporting upon the spent hours reported bye the Dev Team

Attend every Daily Scrum to answer functional questions

Work with Dev Team on the Backlog refinement

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What two things best help the PO manage the value of the product ?

The order of the Product Backlog

Devising a formula for a neutral calculation of value

Validating assumptions of value through frequent releases

Setting the value on individual Product Backlog items using Value Poker

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The sprint Review ist the only time which Stakholders feedback is taken into account



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What is a Burndown Chart?

A chart showing the evolution of remaining effort against time. Burndown charts are an optional implementation within Scrum to make progress transparent.

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Daily Scrum?

Daily, time-boxed event of 15 minutes, or less, for the Development Team to re-plan the next day of development work in order to achieve the Sprint Goal. Updates are reflected in the Sprint Backlog.

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What ist Definition of Done (DoD) ?

A shared understanding of expectations that software must live up to in order to be releasable into production.

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What is Definition of Ready (DoR)

A shared understanding by the Product Owner and the Development Team regarding the preferred level of description of Product Backlog items introduced at Sprint Planning.

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What is a Developer?

Any member of a Development Team, regardless of technical, functional or other specialty.

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What is a Development Team ?

The role within a Scrum Team accountable for managing, organizing and doing all development work required to create a releasable Increment of product every Sprint. All work is called development.

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What is an Epic ?

A big requirement with low level of detail which cannot be developed within one iteration (due to missing details or size)

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What is a Feature ?

A feature is a service provided by the system or product that addresses one or more user needs.

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What is an Increment ?

A piece of working product (mostly software) that adds new functionality / value to previously created Increments. The sum of all Increments forms the product. An Increment typically is the result of a Sprint.

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What is Inspect & Adapt ?

Two of the three Scrum pillars – usually used together. Basis for the retrospective meeting

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What is Iteration ?

Describes a process for generally multiple repeating the same or similar actions for approaching a solution or goal.

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What is Planning Poker ?

Specific technique or agile estimation to avoid anchoring and reveal the different assumptions of the involved people

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What is a Product Backlog ?

An ordered list of the work to be done in order to create, maintain and sustain a product. Managed by the Product Owner.

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What is a Product Backlog Item ?

One entry (requirement) of any kind in the Product Backlog.

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What is a Product Backlog Refinement ?

The activity in a Sprint through which the Product Owner and the Development Team add granularity to the Product Backlog.