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Set of flashcards Details

Flashcards 79
Language English
Category Biology
Level Primary School
Created / Updated 16.02.2020 / 21.07.2020
Licencing Not defined
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Mood vs. Emotion

Mood disorders Def.

Mood disorders

  • Pattern of illness due to an abnormal mood

  • Almost every patient with mood disorder experiences depression at some point

  • Many mood disorders will be diagnosed on the basis of a mood episode

Mood Episodes Def.

  • Period of time when a patient feels abnormal happy or sad
  • Building blocks for codable mood disorders

  • Most of the patients with mood disorders have one or more of these three episodes:

    • Major depressive episode (for at least 2 weeks depressed, feeling guilt, eating or sleeping problems etc.)
    • Manic episode (for at least 1 week patient feels elated, happy, hyperactive...Bad judgment leads to marked social or work impairment; often patients must be hospitalized.)
    • Hypomanic episode (briefer and less severe as manic episode)

Depressive Disorders DSM V

  • Major depressive disorder

  • Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia)

  • Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (<18 years)

  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

  • Depressive disorder due to another medical condition

  • Substance/medication induced depressive disorder

  • Other specified, or unspecified, depressive disorder

Prevalence psychiatric disorders CH


Risk factors Depression

  • Female sex (prevalenz in women 2 x higher then men; women different coping styles and rumination; hihger biological susceptibility; higner personal interdependence)
  • Age (begin in adolescence, phases of transition)
  • low socioeconomic status
  • Marital status (separation)
  • Family member with depression
  • Somatic disease (chronic pain, thyroid disorders, cancer, cardiac diseases, AIDS..)
  • Number of depressive episodes, degree of remission from first episode, age of beginning of first episode
  • comorbidities

Depressioin Def. (DSM V)

Major depressive disorder is a common and serious medical illness

  • negatively affects feelings, thinking and behavior

  • causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed

  • can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems

  • can decrease a person’s ability to function at work / home

Depression vs. Sadness (Grief)


  • painfull feel. come in waves, often mixed with positive memories of the decreased
  • self-esteem is no affected


  • Mood and/or pleasure decreased for most of two weeks
  • Feelings of worthlessness / self- loathing common

When both of them co-exist togehter, then grief is more severe and last longer.

BUT: despite the overlap, they are still different!!!