Marco Wernli
Karten 53 Karten
Lernende 3 Lernende
Sprache English
Stufe Universität
Erstellt / Aktualisiert 14.01.2020 / 14.01.2020
Lizenzierung Keine Angabe
0 Exakte Antworten 47 Text Antworten 6 Multiple Choice Antworten
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"Only 1 thing is good"

Hedonism: Genusssucht. One's pleasure is the ultimate good or moral end.

  • Quantitative: More pleasure is better
  • Qualitative: It is possible to get too much of one thing

Not all monists are hedonists!


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Two or more things are good.

Bsp: Non-hedonists.

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Pragmatists / Instrumentalists

Deal with problems in a sensible way that suits the conditions that really exist, rather than following  fixed ideas, theories, or rules.

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Goodness theory

Focus on the end result of actions and the goodness or happiness created by them.

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Obligation theory

Emphasizes the means (Mittel)  and motives by which actions are justified.

Examples: Teleology, Deontology

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Teleology / Consequentialism 

Consequentialism (based on consequences).

Stipulates acts are morally right or acceptable if they produce some desired result, such as realization of self-interest or utility.

Examples: Egoism, Utilitarianism

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part of Teleology / Consequentialism.

Defines right or accaptable actions as those that maximize a particular person's self-interest as defined by the individual.

Enlighted Egoism: Allows the well being of others, but self-interst remains paramount.

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part of Teleology / Consequentialism.

Defines right or acceptable actions as those that maximize total utility, or the greates good for the greatest number of people.

  • Rule utilitarianism: Determine behavior on basis of principles, rules, designed to promot the greates utility.
  • Act utilitarianism: Examine specifiv action itself, rather than the general rules governing it.