Systematization, abstract, detachment, general traits, big picture, extrinsic, reflection / contemplation
close reading of a particular text, concrete, immersion, singular cases, small job, intrinsic, explication /evaluation
the concrete steps undertaken and tools used in the activity of theory
the whole set of these tools and steps and their organization
- The humanist concept of the individual presupposes ‘man’ as human essence that remains untouched by historical or cultural circumstances.
- In the Renaissance this essence was called ‘reason’; in the twentieth century it is generally called ‘consciousness’.
concept of ‘subjectivity’
…marks a radical departure from this philosophical tradition of consciousness by giving a more central place to the unconscious and to cultural overdetermination than it does to consciousness.
The two main theorists responsible for this departure are Freud and Marx.
materialism vs. idealism
“It is not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness.”
-> Sein bestimmt Bewusstsein