heuristic construct for understanding reality ("measuring rod") e.g. homo economicus, perfect market, bureaucracy
2.3 Forms of Authority
Development and Function of Ideal Types
“An ideal type type is formed formed formedby the one-sided accentuation of one or more points of view and by the synthesis of a great many diffuse, discrete, more or less present and occasionally emphasized viewpoint into a unified analytical construct. This mental image brings together certain relationships and events of historical life to form an internally consistent cosmos of conceptual interrelations. In substance, this construct bears the character of an utopie which we arrive at by mentally accentuation certain elements of reality. Historical research faces the taks of determining in each individual case, the extend to which this ideal-construct approximates to or diverges from reality."
- Max Weber
possibility of imposing one's will upon the behaviour of other persons
the chance that certain specific commands will be obeyed by a given group of persons because of the willingness of those to believe in the legitimacy of the claims of the dominant.
Rightfulness of system or action in the sense of being perceived as appropriate
Ideal Types of Authority (3)
Charismatic Type Authority
Authority resting on devotion to the specific and exceptional sancity, heroism or exemplary character of an individual person, and on the normative patterns or order revealed or ordained by him.
Traditional Type of Authority
Authority restion on an established belief in the sancity of immemorial traditions and the legitimacy of the status of those exercising authority under them.
Legal Type of Authority
Authority resting on the belief in the "legality" of patterns of normative rules and the right of those elevated to authority under such rules to issue commands.