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A young couple (25-year-old male, 23-year-old female) wants to start a family. They have not conceived after 1 yr of unprotected intercourse. Infertility evaluation revealed no abnormalities in the female partner and low sperm count in the male. Which of the following is a drug that is purified from the urine of postmenopausal women and is used to promote spermatogenesis in infertile men?
A 29-year-old woman in her 41st wk of gestation had been in labor for 12 h. Although her uterine contractions had been strong and regular initially, they had diminished in force during the past hour. Which of the following agents would be used to facilitate this woman’s labor and delivery?
A 3-year-old boy with failure to thrive and metabolic disturbances was found to have an inactivating mutation in the gene that encodes the growth hormone receptor. Which of the following drugs is most likely to improve his metabolic function and promote his growth?
An important difference between leuprolide and ganirelix is that ganirelix
Can be administered as an oral formulation
Can be used alone to restore fertility to hypogonadal men and women
Immediately reduces gonadotropin secretion
Initially stimulates pituitary production of LH and FSH
Must be administered in a pulsatile fashion
A 27-year-old woman with amenorrhea, infertility, and galactorrhea was treated with a drug that successfully restored ovulation and menstruation. Before being given the drug, the woman was carefully questioned about previous mental health problems, which she did not have. She was advised to take the drug orally. Which of the following is most likely to be the drug that was used to treat this patient?
Human gonadotropin hormone
A 3-year-old girl was referred to the genetic counselor by her pediatrician. She presents with short stature (height is 85 cm, –3 standard deviations) and appears to have loose skin on her neck. Cytogenetic testing reveals an XO karyotype. Which of the following drugs will allow her to achieve a higher adult height?
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)
Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
A 3-year-old girl presented with hirsutism, breast enlargement, and a height and bone age that was consistent with an age of 9. Diagnostic testing revealed precocious puberty. Which of the following is the most appropriate drug for treatment of this patient’s precocious puberty?
A 47-year-old man exhibited signs and symptoms of acromegaly. Radiologic studies indicated the presence of a large pituitary tumor. Surgical treatment of the tumor was only partially effective in controlling his disease. At this point, which of the following drugs is most likely to be used as pharmacologic therapy?