Lernkarten

Karten 30 Karten
Lernende 27 Lernende
Sprache English
Stufe Universität
Erstellt / Aktualisiert 28.01.2017 / 04.06.2022
Lizenzierung Keine Angabe
Weblink
Einbinden
0 Exakte Antworten 0 Text Antworten 30 Multiple Choice Antworten
Fenster schliessen

1) In pharmacological treatment in patients after traumatic brain injury, the following should not be used:

a) steroids

b) Furosemide

c) Carbamazepine

d) Mannitol

e) Propofol

Fenster schliessen

2) Which of the following statements describing thoracic acute aortic dissection is true:

 

Hint: about two thirds of people with aortic dissection, pulses in the arms and legs are diminished or absent.

a) treatment with medications that raise blood pressure should be conducted

b) Chest x-ray is essential in diagnostics, as mediastinal widening can be detected

c) routine diagnostics do not require ECG, as myocardial infarction gives completely different symptoms

d) during an Initial physical examination, we will most likely find hypotension

e) the patient complains of sharp, ripping chest pain and/or interscapular pain

Fenster schliessen

3) The symptoms of increased intracranial pressure are:

  • 1/ nausea 
  • 2/ headache 
  • 3/ increased blood pressure
  • 4/ bradycardia
  • 5/ deteriorating of consciousness 

The correct answer is:

 

HINT: 

a) all of the above

b) 1 and 2

c) 3 and 4

d) only 4

e) none of the above answers

Fenster schliessen

4) A 67-year-old man with intermittent claudication after 10-20 meters of pain free walking, with symptoms definitely worsened since several weeks. The patient has been conservatively treated for several years, including the use of anti-aggregation drugs. What should be suggested to such a person?

a) continuation of conservative treatment has that been ordered so far

b) continuation of conservative treatment, including increasing the dose of mediations that have been taken so far

c) lower limb amputation without an attempt to improve the limb blood flow

d) urgent admission to the hospital and arterial embolectomy in lower limbs

e) elective admission to the hospital, angio-CT and/or lower-extremity arteriography, possibly an operation preceded by on these tests.

Fenster schliessen

5) Acute lower limb ischemia can be caused by:

a) arterial embolism

b) injury to the artery

c) arterial thrombosis

d) acute dissection of the artery

e) all of the above

Fenster schliessen

6) Chemical pleurodesis procedure is performed in patients:

a) with pleural empyema

b) young with pneumothorax

c) with pleural hemorrhage

d) with recurrent cancer pleural effusion

e) who are not qualified to radical surgery of lung cancer

Fenster schliessen

7) The unconscious patient who does not open his eyes to pain, reacts in this situation defensively (flexion/withdrawal movements) and makes incomprehensible sounds, on the GCS scale will be assessed as score:

 

Hint:

  • motor: command > localize pain > withdrawel from pain (w/ flexion) > decorticated (abnormal flexion to pain) > decerebrated (extension to pain) > nothing 
a) 1

b) 6

c) 7

d) 8

e) 9

Fenster schliessen

8) The consequences of a chest trauma which is not directly life threatening:

 

HINT: 

  • Flail chest describes a situation in which a portion of the rib cage is separated from the rest of the chest wall, usually due to a severe blunt trauma, such as a serious fall or a car accident.
a) transverse sternal fracture without bones displacement

b) tension pneumothorax

c) pleural hemorrhage > 200 mL

d) flail chest

e) bilateral pneumothorax