Maria Delgadillo
Cartes-fiches 44 Cartes-fiches
Utilisateurs 1 Utilisateurs
Langue English
Niveau Université
Crée / Actualisé 11.12.2013 / 12.12.2013
Attribution de licence Pas de droit d'auteur (CC0)
Lien de web
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Emily Pronin

- American Social Psychologist

- Has explored the relationship between thought speed and cognition. 


  • Independent Variable: Fast vs.Slow (statements come on screen really fast or really slow and ask the readers to read them out loud.
  • Dependent Variables: Positive Mood, Creativity, and Energy.
  • Conclusion: People thinking faster have a positive mood. 
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Treatment of Psychological Disorders

- For people suffering from psychological disorders, there are many different treatment options (mostly for depression and anxiety):

  • Psychoanalysis: Freud was one of the first to use talk therapy.
  • Humanistic Therapy: warm, friendly, interested in listening, very positive.
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: changing people's mindset.
  • Biomedical Therapies: pills.
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The humanistic approach to therapy

- Carl Rogers (founder)

- The humanistic approach emphasizes:

  • Experience in the here and how
  • Conscious choice (free will): make conscious choices that affect our life.
  • Self-actualization: idea that we are all striving who we are intended/supposed to be.

- Human nature is oriented toward growth, not defense.

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Client-centered therapy

- Important techniques:

  • Not that important to delve into (look into) the client's childhood.
  • Not "patient" but "client"
  • Unconditional positive regard: listen to individual and offer support no matter what they've done.
  • Active listening

- The goal of the client-centered therapy is to create the right conditions for physical growth. To be accepted for who they are. 

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Exercise as therapy

Attribution de licence: Pas de droit d'auteur (CC0)

- Exercise and neurochemistry

- Exercise and self-esteem

- Study:

  • College women
  • Placebo: relaxation like yoga.
  • Aerobic-Exercise: sweating, significant effect in decreasing depression.
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Generalized Anxiety Disorder

- An anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal. Excessive worry and anxiety without a specific cause. Elevated blood pressure, increased heart rate, muscle tension, sweating, and shaking.

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Panic Disorder

- An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable, minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations.

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- An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation. Sense of endangerment or a fear of harm. 

  • Ex: Agoraphobia: fear of being trapped in an inescapable place or situation.
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

- An anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nighmares, social withrdawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience. 

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Personality Disorders

- Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.

- Cluster A: Odd or Eccentric Disorders

  • Schizoid Personality Disorder: rare, affects more men than women. Detached from others, cold, uninterested, withdrawn.

- Cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic Disorders

  • Histrionic Personailty Disorder: excessive but shallow emotions & attention-seeking. Exaggerated symptoms of weakness/illness.

Cluster C: Anxious or Fearful Disorders

  • Avoidant Personality Disorder: 1% of adults in U.S. Extreme shyness, sensitive, low self-esteem, avoidant to social situations.
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Antisocial Personality Disorder

- A personality disorder in which a person (usually male) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even towards friends and family members. Aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist. Difficulty feeling empathy for others. Begin the symptoms during childhood (ex: cruelty to animals).

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- Treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth. 

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- The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior.

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Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

- A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient.  Most patients are women. Controversial.