Maria Delgadillo
Karten 44 Karten
Lernende 1 Lernende
Sprache English
Stufe Universität
Erstellt / Aktualisiert 11.12.2013 / 12.12.2013
Lizenzierung Kein Urheberrechtsschutz (CC0)
0 Exakte Antworten 44 Text Antworten 0 Multiple Choice Antworten
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Bipolar I

- Characterized by one or more manic episodes, usually accompanied by major depressive episodes.

- Up and down cycle

- More severe

- Person doesn't sleep very much

- At least 1 week.

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Bipolar II

- Bipolar Light

- Characterized by one or more major depressive episodes accompanied by at least on hypomanic stage.

- At least 4 days

- Elevated

- Very talkative

- Work more

- Not as severe

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His friend who suffered from Bipolar I

All of these events occured in one week.

- Extremely talkative

  • When they went to an academic conference, he was walking up to famous psychologists and talking to them about random things, which was way out of his character. 

- Increase in goal-directed activities

  • Bought a guitar and wanted to learn to play it.
  • Helped homeless people. Picked them up at 1 a.m.  and cooked them pizza and they watched The Last Sumarai.
  • Wrote a lot about how he felt.
  • Pursued sexual relationships with friends

- Didn't sleep

  • Psychosis (suffering from delusions, creating beliefs, puting together sentences that didn't make sense) starts to kick in.

- You could tell he felt good


  • Shopping Sprees: spent thousands of dollars.
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- A group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and behaviors.

- Psychosis: A state in which a person loses contact with reality in key ways.

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Positive Symptoms of Schizophrenia

- Positive Symptoms: pathological excesses, or bizarre additions, to a person's behavior.

  • Delusions: ideas that are believed wholeheartedly but have no basis in facts.
  • Disorganized thinking and speech: can't think logically and may speak in odd ways.
  • Hallucinations: perceptions that occur in the absence of external stimuli.
  • Inappropriate affect (behavior): the expression of emotions that are unsuited for the situation. Ex: When Jarold would throw out words with no meaning (word salad)
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Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia

- Negative Symptoms: symptoms of schizophrenia that seem to be deficits (lack)  in normal thought, emotions, or behaviors.

  • Poverty in speech
  • Blunted and flat affect (behavior): no emotional expression. Ex: staring. 
  • Loss of volition (will to do anything) 
  • Social withdrawal: don't interact, seem weird.
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Biological Approach to Schizophrenia

- The brain shrinks with schizophrenia

  • Video: ventricles are larger so brain shrinks, it's smaller.

- It is a large genetic component

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Dissociative Identity Disorder

- Also called Multiple Personality Disorder

- Somewhat a controversial mental disorder: very few people suffer from it (1% of world's population), and it's mainly in the U.S.

- A rare disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alterning personalities. The person might have suffered from a trauma and feels like they have to have different personalities to overcome it.

- Popularity in Movies:

  • Three Faces of Eve (1957)
  • Sybil (1976)
  • Fight Club (1999)

- Video of Tony:

  • has 53 personalities
  • during his therapy session, different personalities come out and bodily changes occur when a different personality comes out.                  - Ex: Dede knows everything.