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Fenster schliessen

Amblyopia:

Can be a result of untreated congenital cataract, strabismus or uncorrected high refractive error

Treatment in adulthood is an effective as in childhood

Doesn ́t affect the stereoscopic vision

Fenster schliessen

Which eye ball muscles are innervated by the VI cranial nerve?

Medical rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique

Lateral rectus

Superior oblique, inferior oblique

Fenster schliessen

Presbyopia:

Requires plus lens correction for all distances

Starts developing around the age of sixty

Is a natural part of ageing process

Fenster schliessen

What is false regarding acanthamoeba infection

Manifests as keratitis

Contact lens users are at particular risk

Is easily managed with fluoroquinolones

Fenster schliessen

Link the conditions with their surgical treatment:

1 – cataract
2 – glaucoma
3 – retinal detachment

A – vitrectomy
B – Phacoemulsification

C – Trabeculectomy

1 – A, 2 – B, 3 – C

1 – B, 2 – C, 3 – A

1 – B, 2 – A, 3 – C

Fenster schliessen

What is used for diagnosing and monitoring glaucoma?

Visual field

Fundus examination

All mentioned

Fenster schliessen

Which ones of the following are the parts of the uvea:

Iris, cornea, choroid

Ciliary body, retina, optic disc

Iris, ciliary body, choroid

Fenster schliessen

Which of the following bones form the superior wall of the orbit:

Orbital plate of frontal bone, lesser wing of sphenoid bone

Zygomatic bone, orbital process of palatine bone, lesser wing of sphenoid

Orbital plate of ethmoid bone, lacrimal bone, body of sphenoid

Fenster schliessen

Blow out orbital fracture is the traumatic deformity of which if the following walls:

Superior

Inferior

Internal

Fenster schliessen

Which one of the following is the thickest bone of the orbit?

Superior

Inferior

lateral

Fenster schliessen

What is the most common cause for anterior uveitis?

Rheumatoid arthritis

Fungial infection

Bacterial infection

Fenster schliessen

What is NOT a cause of acute painless loss of vision?

Retinal detachment

Central retinal artery occlusion

Acute angle closure

Fenster schliessen

Which statement about the pupil is false?

Anisocoria is a condition characterized by an unequal size of pupils

In uveitis the pupil is often irregular due to posterior synechiae

Third cranial nerve is involved in the pupillary light reflex

Fenster schliessen

Which ones of the eyeball muscles are innervated by the IV cranial

nerve?

Medical rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique

Superior oblique

Superior oblique, inferior oblique

Fenster schliessen

Assign the refractive error with the proper correcting lens:

Myopia – concave, hyperopia – cylindrical, astigmatism – convex

Myopia – convex, hyperopia – concave, astigmatism – cylindrical

Myopia – concave, hyperopia – convex, astigmatism – cylindrical

Fenster schliessen

Which of the following structures secretes the aqueous humor into the

posterior chamber?

Iris

Processes of the ciliary body

Muscles of the ciliary body

Fenster schliessen

How thick the human cornea is?

1 mm

2mm

0,5mm

Fenster schliessen

The layers of the cornea, starting with the most external one, are:

Descemet ́s membrane, epithelium, stroma, Bowman ́s layer, endothelium

Epithelium, Descemet ́s membrane, endothelium, stroma, Bowman ́s layer

Epithelium, Bowman ́s layer, stroma, Descemet ́s membrane, endothelium

Fenster schliessen

What does the RAPD stand for in the ophthalmological examination?

Recurrent Acute Posterior – pole Detachments

Relative Afferent Pupillary defect

Rapid Accessory Pupil degeneration

Fenster schliessen

Point the wrong correlation of testing method and the condition it may

detect:

Amsler grid test – wet macular degeneration

Cornel reflex test – strabismus

Tonometry – cataract

Fenster schliessen

What is the Seidel test used for?

To determine whether the eye is producing enough teasrs to keep it moist

To assess the presence of the corneal leakage

To locate the corneal epithelium erosions

Fenster schliessen

What is the optical power of the human lens?

Around 40 D

Around 60 D

Around 20 D

Fenster schliessen

Which eyeball muscles are innervated by the III cranial nerve?

Medical rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique

Superior oblique

Lateral rectus,

Fenster schliessen

Trabeculectomy is:

Laser procedure that is used to lower intraocular pressure in glaucoma

Surgical procedure used to lower intraocular pressure in glaucoma

Laser procedure used to treat diabetic retinopathy

Fenster schliessen

Intraocular hypertension is intraocular pressure over

 

15 mmHg

21 mmHg

32 mmHg

Fenster schliessen

Aphakia is a term used to describe:

Vision development disorder in which an eye fails to achieve normal visual acuity, even with prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses

Change in optical power of the eye to maintain clear image or focus of the eye on an object as its distance varies

The absence of the lens of the eye

Fenster schliessen

Which of the following is a false statement about cataract:

n infants, cataract may cause amblyopia

Age – related cataract is commonly nuclear, cortical or subscapular in location

the most common cause of cataract is ocular trauma

Fenster schliessen

What is the most common intraocular tumour in childhood?

Retinoblastoma

Melanoma

Squamous cell carcinoma

Fenster schliessen

Which one is NOT a sign of non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy?

Neovascularization

Exudates

Microaneurysms

Fenster schliessen

Intermediate uveitis is the inflammation of:

Choroid

Iris and anterior ciliary body

Posterior ciliary body (pars plana)