Flashcards 128 Flashcards
Students 1 Students
Language English
Level University
Created / Updated 24.05.2022 / 24.05.2022
Licencing Not defined
0 Exact answers 0 Text answers 128 Multiple-choice answers


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What can be confirmed by performing a cover test:




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Which answer about the anatomy and function of retina is false:

Optic nerve head should have an orange – pink color, clear and well defined borders

Fovea is a well vascularized zone

Rods have little role in color vision and are concentrated in the outer edges of retina

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The probability of a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment is NOT

increased patients who:

Have high hypermetropia

Have undergone cataract surgery particularly if this was complicated by vitreous loss

Have experienced a detached retina in the fellow eye

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What are drusen?

Yellow fat and protein deposits in the macula

Abnormal vessels

Characteristic central scotomas

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What is the possible treatment for wet AMD?

Laser therapy

Anti – VEGF injections

There is no treatment

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Which of the following is the most common type of retinal detachment?




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The characteristic symptom of primary open-angle glaucoma in visual field exam (perimetry) is:

bitemporal hemianopsia

Bjerrum scotoma

scintillating scotoma

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In what type of glaucoma the measurements of corneal diameter are used?

primary open-angle glaucoma

pigmentary glaucoma

congenital glaucoma

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Topical use of atropine drops or ointment into the conjunctival sac is contraindicated in:


corneal ulcer

primary closed-angle

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Reduced corneal reflex is typical for:

peripheral ulcerative keratitis

Herpes Simplex keratitis

fungal keratitis (keratomycosis)

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What changes can occur in the vision field if a pituitary tumor is found?

contralateral homonymous hemianopia

concentric visual field contraction

bitemporal hemianopia

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Beta-blockers decrease the intraocular pressure by:

decreasing uveoscleral outflow of aqueous humor

decreasing the secretion of aqueous humor

contraction of the ciliary muscle that allows aqueous humor outflow through trabecular network

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Paralytic strabismus - indicate the correct answer:

diplopia never occurs

primary angle = secondary angle

lack/restriction of movement of the eye in the direction of paralyzed muscle

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By which method we can diagnose strabismus latens heterophoria?

fly test

synoptophore examination

cover test

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Conjunctivitis giganto-papillaris of the upper lid can suggest:

keratitis after trauma

conjunctivitis that occur in spring

bacterial conjunctivitis with H. influenza etiology

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How is the eye funds examined in premature infants?

a) simple ophthalmoscopy (fundoscopy)

b) Goldmann three mirror lens

c) Fison binocular indirect ophthalmoscope

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1. The patient complains of a sudden painless loss of all or part of the vision. What disease can you suspect?


central retinal artery occlusion


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A positive Seidl’s test occurs in:

wet macular degeneration

dry eye syndrome

corneal perforation and leakage

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Ectopia lentis may be seen in:

homocystinuria, Marfan’s syndrome, giant cell arteritis

trauma, homocystinuria, Marfan’s syndrome

trauma, giant cell arteritis, Marfan’s syndrome

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Intracranial hypertension can cause:

bilateral optic disc swelling

retinal detachment


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Exudative retinal detachment is when:

it is pulled off by contracting fibrous tissue on the retinal surface (e.g. as in the proliferative retinopathy of diabetes mellitus)

a tear occurs in the retina, allowing liquified nitrous to gain entry to the subretinal space and causing a progressive detachment

fluid accumulates in the subretinal space as a result of an exudative process, which may occur during toxaemia in pregnancy

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Uveitis is usually treated with

anti-VEGF and vitrectomy


steroids and mydriatics

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Eye hit with tennis or squash ball often develops

blow out orbital fracture

central retinal artery occlusion

perforation of the eye ball

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What is a common cause of excessive tearing and purulent conjunctivitis in toddlers?

nasolacrimal duct stenosis

viral infection


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The tear film (20um thick) covers the eternal ocular surface and comprises ... layers




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A surface oil layer produces by the

conjuntivial goblet cells

lacrimal gland

tarsal meibomian glands

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Levator palpebrae superioris muscle is innervated by which nerve?




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Retinal detachment can be diagnosed with:

ultrasound examination

applanation tonometry


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patient presents with redness of the eye, discharge, ocular irritation. It is:

bacterial conjunctivitis

applanation tonometry


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In children the most common orbital tumour is: