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0 Exakte Antworten 0 Text Antworten 128 Multiple Choice Antworten


Fenster schliessen

What can be confirmed by performing a cover test:




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Which answer about the anatomy and function of retina is false:

Optic nerve head should have an orange – pink color, clear and well defined borders

Fovea is a well vascularized zone

Rods have little role in color vision and are concentrated in the outer edges of retina

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The probability of a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment is NOT

increased patients who:

Have high hypermetropia

Have undergone cataract surgery particularly if this was complicated by vitreous loss

Have experienced a detached retina in the fellow eye

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What are drusen?

Yellow fat and protein deposits in the macula

Abnormal vessels

Characteristic central scotomas

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What is the possible treatment for wet AMD?

Laser therapy

Anti – VEGF injections

There is no treatment

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Which of the following is the most common type of retinal detachment?




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The characteristic symptom of primary open-angle glaucoma in visual field exam (perimetry) is:

bitemporal hemianopsia

Bjerrum scotoma

scintillating scotoma

Fenster schliessen

In what type of glaucoma the measurements of corneal diameter are used?

primary open-angle glaucoma

pigmentary glaucoma

congenital glaucoma

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Topical use of atropine drops or ointment into the conjunctival sac is contraindicated in:


corneal ulcer

primary closed-angle

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Reduced corneal reflex is typical for:

peripheral ulcerative keratitis

Herpes Simplex keratitis

fungal keratitis (keratomycosis)

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What changes can occur in the vision field if a pituitary tumor is found?

contralateral homonymous hemianopia

concentric visual field contraction

bitemporal hemianopia

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Beta-blockers decrease the intraocular pressure by:

decreasing uveoscleral outflow of aqueous humor

decreasing the secretion of aqueous humor

contraction of the ciliary muscle that allows aqueous humor outflow through trabecular network

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Paralytic strabismus - indicate the correct answer:

diplopia never occurs

primary angle = secondary angle

lack/restriction of movement of the eye in the direction of paralyzed muscle

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By which method we can diagnose strabismus latens heterophoria?

fly test

synoptophore examination

cover test

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Conjunctivitis giganto-papillaris of the upper lid can suggest:

keratitis after trauma

conjunctivitis that occur in spring

bacterial conjunctivitis with H. influenza etiology

Fenster schliessen

How is the eye funds examined in premature infants?

a) simple ophthalmoscopy (fundoscopy)

b) Goldmann three mirror lens

c) Fison binocular indirect ophthalmoscope

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1. The patient complains of a sudden painless loss of all or part of the vision. What disease can you suspect?


central retinal artery occlusion


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A positive Seidl’s test occurs in:

wet macular degeneration

dry eye syndrome

corneal perforation and leakage

Fenster schliessen

Ectopia lentis may be seen in:

homocystinuria, Marfan’s syndrome, giant cell arteritis

trauma, homocystinuria, Marfan’s syndrome

trauma, giant cell arteritis, Marfan’s syndrome

Fenster schliessen

Intracranial hypertension can cause:

bilateral optic disc swelling

retinal detachment


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Exudative retinal detachment is when:

it is pulled off by contracting fibrous tissue on the retinal surface (e.g. as in the proliferative retinopathy of diabetes mellitus)

a tear occurs in the retina, allowing liquified nitrous to gain entry to the subretinal space and causing a progressive detachment

fluid accumulates in the subretinal space as a result of an exudative process, which may occur during toxaemia in pregnancy

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Uveitis is usually treated with

anti-VEGF and vitrectomy


steroids and mydriatics

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Eye hit with tennis or squash ball often develops

blow out orbital fracture

central retinal artery occlusion

perforation of the eye ball

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What is a common cause of excessive tearing and purulent conjunctivitis in toddlers?

nasolacrimal duct stenosis

viral infection


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The tear film (20um thick) covers the eternal ocular surface and comprises ... layers




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A surface oil layer produces by the

conjuntivial goblet cells

lacrimal gland

tarsal meibomian glands

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Levator palpebrae superioris muscle is innervated by which nerve?




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Retinal detachment can be diagnosed with:

ultrasound examination

applanation tonometry


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patient presents with redness of the eye, discharge, ocular irritation. It is:

bacterial conjunctivitis

applanation tonometry


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In children the most common orbital tumour is: