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Fenster schliessen

How is the eye funds examined in premature infants?

a) simple ophthalmoscopy (fundoscopy)

b) Goldmann three mirror lens

c) Fison binocular indirect ophthalmoscope

Fenster schliessen

1. The patient complains of a sudden painless loss of all or part of the vision. What disease can you suspect?

conjunctivitis

central retinal artery occlusion

AMD

Fenster schliessen

A positive Seidl’s test occurs in:

wet macular degeneration

dry eye syndrome

corneal perforation and leakage

Fenster schliessen

Ectopia lentis may be seen in:

homocystinuria, Marfan’s syndrome, giant cell arteritis

trauma, homocystinuria, Marfan’s syndrome

trauma, giant cell arteritis, Marfan’s syndrome

Fenster schliessen

Intracranial hypertension can cause:

bilateral optic disc swelling

retinal detachment

scleritis

Fenster schliessen

Exudative retinal detachment is when:

it is pulled off by contracting fibrous tissue on the retinal surface (e.g. as in the proliferative retinopathy of diabetes mellitus)

a tear occurs in the retina, allowing liquified nitrous to gain entry to the subretinal space and causing a progressive detachment

fluid accumulates in the subretinal space as a result of an exudative process, which may occur during toxaemia in pregnancy

Fenster schliessen

Uveitis is usually treated with

anti-VEGF and vitrectomy

antibiotics

steroids and mydriatics

Fenster schliessen

Eye hit with tennis or squash ball often develops

blow out orbital fracture

central retinal artery occlusion

perforation of the eye ball

Fenster schliessen

What is a common cause of excessive tearing and purulent conjunctivitis in toddlers?

nasolacrimal duct stenosis

viral infection

allergy

Fenster schliessen

The tear film (20um thick) covers the eternal ocular surface and comprises ... layers

4

2

3

Fenster schliessen

A surface oil layer produces by the

conjuntivial goblet cells

lacrimal gland

tarsal meibomian glands

Fenster schliessen

Levator palpebrae superioris muscle is innervated by which nerve?

III

II

VI

Fenster schliessen

Retinal detachment can be diagnosed with:

ultrasound examination

applanation tonometry

gonioscopy

Fenster schliessen

patient presents with redness of the eye, discharge, ocular irritation. It is:

bacterial conjunctivitis

applanation tonometry

gonioscopy

Fenster schliessen

In children the most common orbital tumour is:

neuroblastoma

Rhabdomyosarcoma

Retinoblastoma

Fenster schliessen

The upper lid margin usually overlaps the upper corneal limbus by.

3-4 mm

It does not overlap the upper limbus

1-2 mm

Fenster schliessen

During slit lamp examination, you saw a dendritic ulcer on the cornea. How will you treat it?

acyclovir

cefuroxime

ciprofloxacin

Fenster schliessen

Choose the typical symptom of retinoblastoma:

heterochromia of the eye

a White pupillary reflex (leukocoria)

enophthalmus

Fenster schliessen

Which of the following medication are not used to treat glaucoma:

alpha2-blockers

alpha2-agonists

prostaglandin analogs

Fenster schliessen

. factors thought tool be important in the development of a diabetic retinopathy include:

duration of diabetes, diabetic control

Smoking, hypertension

All of the above

Fenster schliessen

Sign off anterior uveitis

A)keratic precipitates on the corneal endothelium

B) Posterior synechiae (adhesion between the lens and Iris) give the pupil an irregular appearance

A+B

Fenster schliessen

Between the cornea anteriorly and the lens and Iris posteriorly lies in the:

Posterior chamber

Anterior chamber

Ciliary body

Fenster schliessen

Macular oedema may be associated with

retinal vascular disease (e.g. diabetic retinopathy)

uveitis

All of the above

Fenster schliessen

fundus changes typical for non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy include:

optic disk pallor

microaneurysms and intraretinal haemorrhages

neovascularisation and vitreous haemorrhage

Fenster schliessen

a hinged partial thickness corneal stromal flap is first created with a rapidly moving automated blade. The flap is lifted and the laser applied onto the stromal bed. This is:

PRK

DSAEK

LASIK

Fenster schliessen

Lengthening and darkening of the lashes is a side effect for:

carbonic anhydrase

Beta-blockers

Prostaglandin analogues

Fenster schliessen

The optical power of the cornea in different planes is not equal. parallel rays of light passing through these different planes are brought to different points of focus. It is:

myopia

Astigmatism

Hypermetropia

Fenster schliessen

What is the name of the test used to monitor macular function?

Ishihara test

Hirschberg test

Amsler grid

Fenster schliessen

What is not a treatment method for strabismus

patching of the eye with better vision

patching of the eye with poorer vision

surgery on extraocular muscles

Fenster schliessen

Hyphema is:

blood in the anterior chamber

blood in the posterior chamber

pus in the anterior chamber