Flashcards

Flashcards 80 Flashcards
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Language English
Level University
Created / Updated 15.05.2022 / 22.05.2022
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Acetobacter 1

obligate aerobes that move using peritrichous flagella

facultative aerobes that move using peritrichorus flagella

obligate anaerobes that move using peritrious flagella

facultative anaerobes that move using perichous flagella

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Acetobacter has a strong ability to oxidize et____ , su___ al_____ , and su_______ into their corresponding organic acids (acetic acid fermentation)

Acetobacter has a strong ability to oxidize ethanol, sugar alcohols, and sugars into their corresponding organic acids (acetic
acid fermentation)

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Acetobacter aceti is used in the production of vi____ by converting the et_____ in wine into ac__ ac_____

Acetobacter aceti is used in the production of vinegar by converting the ethanol in wine into acetic acid

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Enterobacteriaceae
>> coliforms – capable of fermenting l______

give examples for Enterobacteriaceae.

Family: Enterobacteriaceae (animal and human microbiota)
>> coliforms – capable of fermenting lactose

E.g.
Escherichia (E. coli)
Klebsiella (K. pneumoniae)
Enterobacter (E. cloacae)
Citrobacter (C. freundii)
& others – capable of fermenting glucose

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Enterobacteriaceae 2
 

catalase(+), oxidase(+), majority capable of reducing nitrate

catalase(+), oxidase(-), majority capable of reducing nitrate

catalase(-), oxidase(-), capable of reducing nitrate

catalase(+), oxidase(-), capable of reducing nitrate

catalase(+), oxidase(+), incapable of reducing nitrate

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Enterobacteriaceae 3

short rods, some are capable of motility (e.g. Proteus vulgaris, Proteus mirabilis – proteolytic bacteria)

short rods, some are capable of motility (e.g. E. coli, E. cloacae – proteolytic bacteria)

long rods, some are capable of motility (e.g. Proteus vulgaris, Proteus mirabilis – proteolytic bacteria)

long rods, some are capable of motility (e.g. E. coli, E. cloacae – proteolytic bacteria)

short rods, all except for some are capable of motility (e.g. C. freundii, P. mirabilis – proteolytic bacteria)

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Serratia marcescens grows on bread (called „bloody bread") due to r___ pi________. This is an example for p________

Serratia marcescens grows on bread (called „bloody bread") due to red pigmentation (prodigiosin); proteolysis

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Ervinia carotovora, Ervinia herbicola are found on the soft rot of vegetables - polys_________ degradation

 

Ervinia carotovora, Ervinia herbicola are found on the soft rot of vegetables - polysaccharide degradation