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Language English
Level University
Created / Updated 08.01.2020 / 13.01.2020
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Saturated fats definition (4)

Are not kinked within the structure (no C=C in carbon chain) and are saturated with many hydrogen atoms 

Solid at lower temperatures

Provide rigidity and less fluidity

Hydrophobic

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Unsaturated fats definition (3)

Less saturated, meaning they have less hydrogen atoms because attached, because C=C in chain takes away bonding possibilities

Provide more fluidity to plasma membrane 

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Trans definition

Straight saturated hydrocarbon chain

Trans = inflexible and straight

Heated cis becomes trans 

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Cis definiton

Bent saturated hydrocarbon chain 

Has a double bond C=C 

Heated cis becomes trans 

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Difference between monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat 

mono = one C=C

poly = two or more C=C

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Common features of lipids (3)

Hydrophobic

soluble in ethyl ether & chloroform -> non-polar solvents

Contains many hydrocarbons (chain or ring structure)

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Composition of fatty acid (3)

Carboxylic acid group on one end (COOH, makes it fatty acid), hydrocarbon chain, methyl group on other end (CH3)

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What are implications (effects) on having glyceride rich diet?

Obesity & Atherosclerosis (hardening of arteries)