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Frankfurt School

3 persons

  1. Theodor W. Adorno
  2. Max Horkheimer
  3. Jürgen Habermas

"We have the capacity to turn the world into hell, and we are well on the way to doing so"

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Reflection on the Role of Research (2)

  1. How does research contribute to our view on reality?
  2. What is the purpose of research?
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Research Contributes to the Social Construction of Reality

Reality is a result of social construction

Historical Conditions -> Scientific Knowledge and Methods <- Cultural Conditions

Conclustion: Social science cannot produce objective, value-free knowledge of social reality

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Habermas's Categorization of Research Interests (3)

  1. Technical
  2. Practical
  3. Emancipatory
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1. Technical

Purpose: Enhance prediction and control

Focus: Identification and manipulation of variables

Example: Contingency Theory

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2. Practical

Purpose: Improve understanding

Focus: Interpretation of symbolic communication

Example: Sociological Institutionalism

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3. Emancipatory

Purpose: Development of better social institutions and relations

Focus: Exposure of domination and exploitation

Example: Critical Management Studies

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Critique of Existing Theories

Reproducing the Status Quo ("Social Status Quo")