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Erstellt / Aktualisiert 19.12.2017 / 22.12.2017
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Minimal Group Paradigm

Minimal conditions required for discrimination to occur between groups (Robber's Cave experiment)
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Prejudice

Prejudgement (negative) towards a group
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Discrimination

Negative action toward an individual as a result of one's membership in a particular group
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Informational influence

If situation ambiguous, we look at others for clues (=> Elevator experiment)
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Groupinfluence

Learning about positions of others strengthens/polarizes our own attitude
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Social Loafing

Less effort by a person working together with a group
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Conformity

Conforming to a group, eventhough we don't believe something. (=> Asch experiment)
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Normative social influence

conform to feel good, to be accepted
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information social influence

conform, because group is competent, has the correct information
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Dissociative Amnesia

affects memory of traumatic event

unable to recall important personal information, forget autobiographical memories.

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Dissociative Fugue

condition might be underdiagnosed

wander away, experience confusion about identity

2 - 4 days

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depersonalization

outerbody experience

3rd person feelin, feel like in a fog/dream

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Dissociative Identity Disorder

2 or more personalities

memory gaps for time of another identity ("why is my room destroyed?")

95% sexually/physicall abused as a child

 

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Ingroup bias

discriminatory behavior prefering ingroup vs. outgroup

 

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self-fulfilling prophecies

our expectation of a group influence how we treat them. (Example with gay applicant for job)

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scapegoat theory

blaming outgroup, when ingroup experiences frustration/blocked from obtaining a goal.

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How to tackle prejudice? (Allport)

Contact

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Example instrumental aggression

Contract killer

 

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Hostile aggression

feelings of anger

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Diffusion of responsiblity

"I dont have to help, they should"

 

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Pluralistic Ignorance

"If no one helps, maybe they don't need help"

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Evaluation Apprehension

"I dont know how to help them"

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neurodevelopmental disorders

developmental disorders, diagnosed in early childhood

 

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Heritability ADHD

Prevalence in Childhood

73%

5%

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Biological reasons for ADHD

Less activation in Frontal Love (Inhibit behaviour) performing mental tasks.

People with ADHD less Dopamine activity in Brain regions about motivation

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Prosocial behavior

Intent to voluntarily help other people

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Altruism

Helping others even if costs > benefits

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Empathy

capacity to understand another person's perspective

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Most important factors

proximity

similarity

(equal) physically attractive/social desireable

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Social Exchange theory

Positive benefits > negative costs