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Franziska Elmer
Flashcards 10 Flashcards
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Sprache English
Level University
Created / Updated 26.05.2010 / 16.05.2018
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Date plus important facts Victory of Europe Day?

- 8 May 1945

- Churchill emphasises British duty

- Achievement in war

- only country to have faced the Nazis from beginning

>Churchill was v. patriotic, thought Empire would last

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Education Act?

- 1944

- Ensured secondary education for everyone

- perpetuates class system > 11+ Exam

led to social divisions

-private sector intact, maintaining other social divisions

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Beginnings of the welfare state?

>Beveridge report (1942)> for new welfare system

>Proposal for comprehensive welfare system:free national health service, child allowances, national insurance

>combat the five giants: WANT; DISEASE; IGNORANCE; SQUALOR; IDLENESS

> principles of universality and egalitarianism

> Familiy allowance act, women could pick up 25p child

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The National Health System?

1948

>doing sth. moral

>trying to build Jerusalem, but economy crisis came along

> end of land lease

==> CORE OF BRITAIN'S WELFARE SYSTEM

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Financing the postwar?

> after WWII, Britain was the biggest debtor > weeks away from bankrupt

==> USA had to help out, GB future in U.S. hands because of loans

> U.S. loan: pound became convertable to $ >people exchanged them

U.S. $ sinks, loan not worth that much!

==> economic dependence, CINEMA: cultural independence

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The values that wartime emphasized?

-Equality

-Social cohesion

-Breaking down of class barriers

-Communal effort as opposed to private gain

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1945 General Election?

Labour in Power: 1945-51

>began large scale programme of social reforms, creating welfare state

>Impelmented Keynesian economic policies, notably state control of key industries

> oversaw beginning of postcolonial era

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Building the welfare state: social security

Principles of universality and egalitarianism

>abolition of poverty by attacking main causes: illness, unemployment, old age

Family Allowance Act 1945: 25p/week per 2+ children, implemented in August 1946

National Insurance Act: sickness, unemployment and pension benefits