Lernkarten

Marco Wernli
Karten 53 Karten
Lernende 3 Lernende
Sprache English
Stufe Universität
Erstellt / Aktualisiert 14.01.2020 / 14.01.2020
Lizenzierung Keine Angabe
Weblink
Einbinden
0 Exakte Antworten 47 Text Antworten 6 Multiple Choice Antworten
Fenster schliessen

Monists

"Only 1 thing is good"

Hedonism: Genusssucht. One's pleasure is the ultimate good or moral end.

  • Quantitative: More pleasure is better
  • Qualitative: It is possible to get too much of one thing

Not all monists are hedonists!

 

Fenster schliessen

Pluralists

Two or more things are good.

Bsp: Non-hedonists.

Fenster schliessen

Pragmatists / Instrumentalists

Deal with problems in a sensible way that suits the conditions that really exist, rather than following  fixed ideas, theories, or rules.

Fenster schliessen

Goodness theory

Focus on the end result of actions and the goodness or happiness created by them.

Fenster schliessen

Obligation theory

Emphasizes the means (Mittel)  and motives by which actions are justified.

Examples: Teleology, Deontology

Fenster schliessen

Teleology / Consequentialism 

Consequentialism (based on consequences).

Stipulates acts are morally right or acceptable if they produce some desired result, such as realization of self-interest or utility.

Examples: Egoism, Utilitarianism

Fenster schliessen

Egoism

part of Teleology / Consequentialism.

Defines right or accaptable actions as those that maximize a particular person's self-interest as defined by the individual.

Enlighted Egoism: Allows the well being of others, but self-interst remains paramount.

Fenster schliessen

Utilitarianism

part of Teleology / Consequentialism.

Defines right or acceptable actions as those that maximize total utility, or the greates good for the greatest number of people.

  • Rule utilitarianism: Determine behavior on basis of principles, rules, designed to promot the greates utility.
  • Act utilitarianism: Examine specifiv action itself, rather than the general rules governing it.