Lernkarten

Marco Wernli
Karten 51 Karten
Lernende 4 Lernende
Sprache English
Stufe Universität
Erstellt / Aktualisiert 11.01.2020 / 14.01.2020
Lizenzierung Keine Angabe
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0 Exakte Antworten 29 Text Antworten 22 Multiple Choice Antworten
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Business Ethics in 1920s

In the 1920s, the progressive movement sought to provide citizens with a “living wage”, or income enough for education, recreation, health, and retirement

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Business Ethics in 1930s

In the 1930s, the New Deal specifically blamed business for the country’s economic woes. Businesses were asked to work more closely with the government to raise family income

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Business Ethics by the 1950s

By the 1950s, the New Deal had evolved into the Fair Deal, defining such matters as civil rights an environmental responsibility as ethical issues that businesses had to address

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Business Ethics in the 1960s

The Rise of Social Issues in Business

military-industrial complex: antibusiness attitude

- Growth of ecological problems

- Rise of consumerism -> J.F. Kennedy: Consumers' Bill of Rights: right to safety, to be informed, to choose, to be heard

President Johnson's Great Society: Responsibility to provide economic stability, equality and social justice

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Business Ethics in the 1970s

Business Ethics as an Emerging Field

- Start to teach about corporate social responsibility (max. positiv impact on stakeholders, min. negative impact on stakeholders)

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (Jimmy Carter): Prohibits bribery in the US

- Business issues emerged: Bribery, deceptive advertising, price collusion, product safety, environment

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Business Ethics in the 1980s

Consolidation

- Business Ethics became a field of study

The Stakeholder Theory (R. Edward Freeman): Create value for all stakeholders not only shareholders

Defense Industry Initiative on Business Ethics and Conduct (DII): 6 principles

- Reagan/Bush era: More self-regulation, less regulation by government

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What are the 6 principles of the Defense Industry Initiative on Business Ethics and Conduct (DII)?

  1. Development and distribution of understandable, detailed codes of conduct.
  2. Provision of ethics training and development of communication tools
  3. creation of an open atmosphere (comfortable reporting of violations wihtout fear of retribution)
  4. Internal audits and reportings
  5. Preservation of the integrity of the defense industry
  6. Adoption of a philosophy of public accountability
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Business Ethics in the 1990s

Institutionalization of Business Ethics

- Clinton: Still supports more self-regulation (prior Reagan/Bush)

Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations (FSGO) based on DII (1980s):

  • Penalties if violation of the law
  • Mitigation of penalties for business that strive to minimize misconduct and establish high ethical standards