Lernkarten

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Sprache English
Stufe Universität
Erstellt / Aktualisiert 16.01.2019 / 07.10.2019
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2 Exakte Antworten 0 Text Antworten 164 Multiple Choice Antworten
Fenster schliessen

If the patient is treated with alendronate, he/she is advised to drink large quantities of water with the tablets and remain in an upright position for at least 30 minutes. These instructions are given to decrease the risk of which of the following?

Constriction

Pernicious anemia

Cholelithiasis

Diarrhea

Erosive esophagitis

Fenster schliessen

Which route of drug administration is used with potent and lipophilic drugs in a patch formulation and avoids first-pass metabolism?

topical

sublingual

rectal

oral

transdermal

Fenster schliessen

Which one of the following routes of administration does not have an absorption phase?

subcutaneous

intramuscular

intravenous

sublingual

inhalation

Fenster schliessen

Which of the following correctly describes the intramus- cular route of parenteral drug administration?

drug absorption is erratic and unpredictable

used to administer drug suspensions that are slowly absorbed

bypasses the process of drug absorption to achieve an immediate effect

cannot be used for drugs that undergo a high degree of first-pass metabolism

poses more risks than intravenous administration

Fenster schliessen

An elderly patient has problems remembering to take her medication three times a day. Which one of the drug formulations might be particularly useful in this case?

extended-release

suspension

suppository

skin patch

enteric-coated

Fenster schliessen

Which form of a drug name is most likely known by patients from exposure to drug advertisements?

nonproprietary name

British Approved Name

chemical name

generic name

trade name

Fenster schliessen

If food decreases the rate but not the extent of the absorp-tion of a particular drug from the gastrointestinal tract, then taking the drug with food will result in a smaller

area under the plasma drug concentration time curve

maximal plasma drug concentration

time at which the maximal plasma drug concentra- tion occurs

fractional bioavailability

total clearance

Fenster schliessen

If a drug exhibits first-order elimination, then

the elimination half-life is proportional to the plasma drug concentration

the drug is eliminated at a constant rate

hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes are saturated

drug clearance will increase if the plasma drug con- centration increases

the rate of drug elimination (mg/min) is proportional to the plasma drug concentration