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Erstellt / Aktualisiert 21.11.2018 / 21.11.2018
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Fenster schliessen

methods of solving problems:

trial and error

algorithm

heuristic

 

trial and error: random guesses, algorithm: logic step-by-step procedure, heuristic: mental shortcut
Fenster schliessen

well-defined problem

clear starting and ending point of the problem
Fenster schliessen

ill-defined problem

more ambiguous starting and ending point of the problem
Fenster schliessen

mental set

nine-dot problem, think out of the box
Fenster schliessen

functional fixedness

gefixeerd op de common use of an object (hairdryer for drying your clothes)
Fenster schliessen

mean-end analysis

formulating subgoals that reduce the distance to the overall goal
Fenster schliessen

classic (normative) view

take all the relevant info into accound, compare costsa and benefits alternatives. too much effort
Fenster schliessen

modern view

heuristics etc.