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Erstellt / Aktualisiert 13.01.2018 / 16.01.2018
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Fenster schliessen

Monosaccharide

Disaccharid

glucose, fructose

lactose, sucrose 

 

fuel, carbon sources that can be converted to other molecules or combined into polymeres

Fenster schliessen

Polysaccharide

cellulose, strengthens cell wall

starch, stores glucose for energy

glycogen, stores glucose for energy

chitin, strengthens exoskeleton and fungal cell walls

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triacylglycerols

phospholipids

steroids

glycerol and three fatty acids. important energy source

glycerol and phosphate group and two fatty acids. lipid bilayers of membranes

four fused rings . component of cell membranes, cholesterol. signal molecule that travel trough body, hormones

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enzymes

structural proteins

hormones

receptor proteins

motor proteins

defensiv proteins

catalyze chemical reactions

provedes structural support

coordinate organismal respones

receive signals froum outside cell

function in cell movement

protect against deseases

 

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microtubules

shape the cell guides organelles movements, seperate chromosomes in dividing cells

 

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cilia 

flagella

back and forth movement

swimming like movement 

 

both are motile appendage containing microtubules

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microfilaments

intermediate filaments

thin rods that functions in miscle ameboid movement, cytoplasmic streaming and support of microvili

support cell shape and fix organelles in place

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integral proteins

peripheral proteins

embedded in lipid bilayer

attached to membrane surface